New research shows that the level of racism faced by trade unionists in the African continent is high.
The researchers surveyed more than 1,200 trade union workers in five African countries and found that about a quarter of the people surveyed reported experiencing racial discrimination in the workplace.
In Nigeria, the report found that more than a third of African unionists said they were discriminated against in their workplace.
In Tanzania, the figures were even worse.
About a third said they had experienced racial discrimination at work, the study found.
In Mozambique, a third had experienced discrimination in their work place.
The study, conducted by the United Nations Foundation and the International Trade Union Confederation, found that workers faced discrimination at almost every stage of their working lives.
More than two-thirds of the African workers surveyed said that they had been verbally or physically abused in their job.
More African workers said that their workplace had a negative image of them than their peers in other countries.
About a third reported having faced a hostile work environment, and more than two in five workers said they felt unsafe when working with people from their country.
Racism and discrimination have long been problems in the global South, but the latest research shows it is not limited to the continent.
Rafael J. Guevara, a professor of political economy at Georgia State University, and the report’s lead author, said that the findings were important for trade unionist groups.
“The reality of trade unionism is that we are a diverse and highly diverse country,” Guevaara said.
“We have a lot of people who have had their identities altered by discrimination.
This study shows that we still have to address this issue and that we have to continue to engage our members.”
The study also found that African workers were more likely to have experienced workplace racism, particularly in their social and political spaces.
More often than not, the researchers found, African workers reported being discriminated against for their race.
African workers who felt unsafe in their workplaces reported that their employer was more likely than others to act in a discriminatory way.
About one in five of the workers surveyed reported that the racist incidents they faced in their countries were “totally unacceptable.”
The report also found a link between the amount of racism in their society and their job performance.
Workers who reported having experienced more racism in Africa were more than four times more likely, on average, to work fewer hours in the company, and were more often at risk of being laid off or fired.
More than two thirds of African workers had experienced workplace discrimination.
The study found that they were less likely to report a workplace safety violation or to report other workplace harassment.
The report also noted that African union members were more concerned about being treated unfairly in the workforce.